Friday, April 21, 2017

Weaving in Ends at Selvedges


George has been enjoying the nice weather.  He's too big to fit in the windowsill. Other than lounging he has been busy getting into my yarn.  He had left a trail of cashmere all through the house.  I've been getting ready for the photo shoot tomorrow.  This was a very short design cycle and I am still waiting for two boxes.  They are supposed to arrive today...fingers crossed. 

STUDENT NEWS
The lessons are starting to arrive.  I reviewed three yesterday.  I have blog entries for everything in the lessons.  You might want to check them before starting to knit.

TIP OF THE WEEK
The tip this week was a special request.  When you are weaving in ends into a project which won't be seamed, you have to figure out how to work them in so that they will not be noticeable.  (If you have seams or an edge where stitches are picked up, bury the ends there.)  Scarves, blankets, shawls and swatches for courses or the Masters Program are the type of projects where this is a concern.  I've already done an entry on weaving in yarn tails at the Cast On or Bind Off edge but if you are adding a new skein or changing colors, this can be a problem.

The rules for weaving in yarn tails is that they don't show through to the RS, they stretch with the fabric and they don't pull free.  This photograph shows several ends.  There is a color change in ribbing and in the stockinette.  


What you do not want to do is to just run the tail up the selvedge stitch.  It can pull free and it isn't elastic.  Weaving in ends in ribbing is easy.  I've done a blog entry on this topic as well.  Weaving in Ends in Ribbing.  If there is stockinette stitch, use the duplicate stitch method.  


Here is the RS of the work.  The tails do not show through to the RS even where the yarn is a different color.  Here is the video showing the technique.  Weaving in Yarn Tails.


KNITTING SALON
Salon will be on Sunday from 2-4pm.  Tomorrow morning we are having the photo shoot.  I'm hoping I can still get to the Met's Simulcast of Eugene Onegin.  

CURRENT PROJECTS
I finished up the infinity scarf for Mira at Baah yarns.  I really like how it turned out.




I also finished the Buff for Elff at Redfish.  It is double knit.


I spent a day last week charting a design for the Fall issue.  I haven't done a stranded sweater with Redfish for awhile.











Friday, April 7, 2017

Picking Up Double Bands

Since my last posting, we managed to get Cast On uploaded.  This time it went a lot smoother so I am hoping this trend continues.  We are trying to get back on the previous publication schedule so I've been working on Summer at the same time.  The good news is that all of this hard work will pay off for Fall.

STUDENT NEWS
It is odd but I haven't received many lessons to review in the past two weeks but I've got quite a few new students.  I imagine things will pick up soon.

TIP OF THE WEEK
I got a message a few weeks ago from someone wanting my advice about how to improve the looks of an applied I-cord edging.  I had to laugh.  This is something I have failed to masters.  I've never been satisfied with my ability to do this type of edging and being the person I am, I've spent hours researching it.  My solution is to replace an I-cord edging with a double pick up band.  I like them better.  Again, this is a personal thing.  I'm not trashing I-cord edgings, just my ability to do one I'm happy with. 

Quite a few years ago, I was working on a baby sweater as a gift and I thought it would be nice to have the band look as nice on the WS as it did on the RS and after research I discovered Katharina Buss' method in Big Book of Knitting.  The problem with her method was that you picked up the stitches as normal and then got a second needle and found the bumps of the band on the WS.  Since the sweater was knit on Size 2.5mm needles and was in a dark color, I found that if I wrapped the yarn around not only my project needle but also a smaller needle held behind the fabric that I had stitches on both side of the neckline.  I teach this is a finishing class and students really love it and find all sorts of uses for it.  I've used it for a band similar to an I-cord for many projects. 

The following photos show a variety of ways to finish off the double band.  These two photos show the RS & WS of a double pickup.  To complete the double bind off you have to work the stitches on the front needle with those on the back.  In this case, a three needle bind off is used. 

If you want something that more closely approximates an I-cord, you can use a Kitchener stitch to close the stitches between the front and back needles.


In this sample, the stitches have been bound off purlwise.



The basic technique is very simple but any time you are using multiple needles it seems more complicated.  This video shows how to work the technique:  Double Pickups

SALON
Salon will be on Sunday from 2-4pm. 

CURRENT PROJECTS
I finished the skirt and top.  I haven't blocked the top yet.  If you look closely you can see all of the stitch markers still in the top.  I haven't written the pattern yet.  I don't really take notes.  I write the pattern from the markers.  Now I have time for other projects!


Friday, March 24, 2017

Hems and Waistbands

I had a wonderful trip up to teach at the Dayton Guild.  It was my second time there.  I really enjoyed myself although it was a long day.  I've spent a lot of time uploading patterns to the Spring issue.  Is should go live early next week.  We just need to put the finishing touches on it.

STUDENT NEWS
My students let me have an easy week.  I only got two to review!  I made good use of the time.  I feel like I have been chained to my computer.  I figure it takes about 3 hours per pattern and article.  That doesn't include the time spent on emailing designers and yarn companies.

TIP OF THE WEEK
Another self-serving tip... I actually thought ahead to the Summer issue.  I'm doing a skirt, top down, and I wanted to do the waist band so I can try it on.  I might actually keep this one.  When you do the waistband of a skirt you have to make it elastic enough so that you can put it on.  There is no way you could just cast on (or bind off) for the waist band.  I learned this the hard way the first time I did a skirt without an opening.  I generally knit skirts from the bottom up and just graft the live stitches during the finishing process.  This time I used a provisional cast on and when the waistband was done I put the stitches on a needle and did a three needle bind off without the bind off.  This is very elastic.  As I knit the front to the back I inserted the elastic.  That is another thing I learned the hard way.  It is a miserable experience if you try and insert the elastic when the waistband is almost done.  

The first step is to do a provisional cast on.  I generally do the crochet chain method.  The photo below shows where I am putting the live stitches on a needle.  I generally do a turning row.  For baby projects or socks I might do a picot edge.  (I've done videos on picot hems.  Check the index.)



Next you fold it over and knit together the stitches from the front side to the back side.  For my own projects I almost ALWAYS use my super pointy Chiao Goo needles but I tend to use wood needles to do this.  Using three needles is a big pain especially when the stitches slide off.



Here is photograph of the final product.  The photograph after that is inside of the skirt that I am working on.  If you look close you can see the row marker I put in the skirt to mark an increase.




KNITTING SALON
Salon will be early on Sunday...11:30 am to 1:30 pm.  I'm going to the MET simulcast of Idomeneo on Saturday.  It is a treat after all my hard work this past week.

CURRENT PROJECT
Before I got the yarn from Classic Elite for the design, I started on the scarf project with the Baah yarn.  I decided to do a provisional cast on and then leave the top stitches live.  I'm going to knit a second one to match with the colors for the flowers reversed.  I will close both ends with a three needle bind off.  I want matching edges.  The inside piece will have to wait until I finish the stuff for cast on.




 

Here's the skirt.  It will be mid-calf length.  Blocking is very necessary!  It is MUCH fuller than it looks in the photo.


Friday, March 10, 2017

Horizontal Buttonholes

It has been an extremely busy week.  I've been working on getting ready for the photo shoot for the Spring issue at the same time I'm working on the Summer issue.  We've selected the designs we are going to use and now I'm contacting yarn companies for the designs.  This is my least favorite part of the process.  Some companies are great, Shibui, Classic Elite, Cascade to name a few, while others are not so great.  I have to get the yarn to the designers ASAP as we are trying to get back on our old production schedule. 

Here's George.  If you tried this with Petipa, you'd be missing a few fingers.  He is such a good natured cat.  He is enormous!  (You can see the orange sweater in the background.)



STUDENT NEWS
It has been slow this week.  I'd had a few lessons and a couple of emails but that is it.  My students are my top priority.  Their lessons always come first.  Maybe they are reading my mind & letting me get all of this work done!

TIP OF THE WEEK
I've done a posting on horizontal buttonholes which was also the topic of my LAST Finishing With Confidence article.  There are quite a few ways to work this type of buttonhole.  Some of the instructions I've seen have run to pages and are extremely complicated. This one is somewhere in the middle but produces a nice result.   The one below is worked in stockinette.



The basic steps for all version of this type of buttonhole requires that you bind off the stitches for the opening using the slip stitch bind off which doesn't use the working yarn.  One the stitches are bound off you use the cable cast on to cast on the same number of stitches.   There are a few extra steps along the way. 

Work to the position for the buttonhole.
• Bring yarn forward and slip the first stitch on the left needle purlwise.
• Bring the yarn to the back.
• Slip the next stitch on the left needle purlwise to the right needle.
• Pass the first slipped stitch on the right needle over the second stitch (as if to bind off).
• Repeat Steps 4 and 5 until the buttonhole is the desired size.
• Slip the last bound-off stitch to the left needle.
• Turn the work and use the cable cast on technique (inserting the needle as if to purl rather than as if to knit) to cast on one more stitch than you bound off.
• Turn the work.
• Slip the first stitch on the left needle to the right needle and pass the extra cast on stitch over the slipped stitch.
• Work the next stitch in the established pattern.

Is all of this worth it?  Yes, if you need a larger buttonhole or a very strong buttonhole.  I don't use this for every project and I do have to look up the instructions every time so I don't miss a step.   I use the purl version of the cable cast on so that the top half of the buttonhole matches but this isn't necessary. 

Here's the video:



KNITTING SALON
Salon will be on Sunday a bit later than usual.  The photo shoot is Sunday morning.  Tomorrow afternoon I'll be at the Met Simulcast of Traviata which has a special meaning for me.  It was the first opera I saw and will always be a favorite.

CURRENT PROJECTS
I finished up the orange sweater.  The arms on my mannequin are so skinny it makes the sleeves look huge!



Next I finished the hat for the article on jogless joins.  I think it is pretty cute.



I decided to make a double knit buff for Stephanie's birthday.  I started it several times.  I first used the invisible cast on for double knitting.  There were two problems with this.  First I was casting on over 100 stitches and if you've ever used this cast on, you know it is a pain with only 20 stitches or so.  Then this was worked in the round.  I finally gave up and wound up using Judy's Magic Cast On for the first row.  It worked pretty well.  I wanted to get it to Stephanie before this weekend as it is supposed to get cold.  Here are photos of both sides.

And here is the reverse.


I'm now working on a cowl for Baah yarns.  There is nothing to show but I should get a lot done while I'm waiting for the Hanako from Classic Elite to arrive.  I'm making a skirt & top.

Friday, February 24, 2017

Tubular Cast On with Even Number of Stitches


What's wrong with this picture?  It is February 24th, that's what is wrong with this picture.  It looks and feels like mid March.  (By the way, this isn't my yard but a neighbors.)  I feel responsible for the weather.  If I hadn't knit all those gloves, mitts, and hats, there would be snow on the ground. 



STUDENT NEWS
I've got quite a few new students and lessons are slowly arriving for me to review.  I've had some lovely lessons lately which has been very nice.

TIP OF THE WEEK
I decided to do a tubular cast on for the sweater I'm knitting for Cast On.  There are several ways to do a tubular cast on but I get the best results when with the crochet chained method.  The problem with this is that most sources will tell you that you can only work it on an uneven number of stitches.  If you are doing K1P1 ribbing and it will be seamed, this means you have to either add or remove a stitch since the pattern won't line up if you have an uneven number of stitches.  I decided to try and add a stitch while doing the cast on.  It was mindlessly easy.  I just made an E loop at the end of the cast on.  I thought it might not look very good but it fit in just fine. 


Most instruction will tell you to work the first stitch as a knit stitch and then with the yarn held to the front slip the next stitch.  Does it really matter if you knit the first stitch?  No.  I decided for this sample to purl the first stitch since the loop from the crochet edge sort of looked like a purl bump.  The world did not come to an end. 

If you've worked a tubular bind off before you know that you continue to work one stitch and slip the next for at least two rows.  I decided to work this for three rows.  Again, the world did not come to an end.  Here's a photo of the waste yarn removal. 


Here's the final product.  Notice that there is a slight bump at the lower left edge where I made the e-loop.  This will be enclosed in the seam.


Here is the link to the video:  Tubular Cast On with Even Number of Stitches

KNITTING SALON
Salon will be on Sunday from 2-4 pm.  I'm finally getting to one of the Met Simulcasts.  They are doing Dvorak's Rusalka which I have never seen.  While everyone in Lexington will be at the game I'm going to be in the theater!

CURRENT PROJECTS
I finished up the vest and skirt.  I just finished blocking the skirt yesterday.  I still need to weave in the yarn tails, etc. but it was finished enough to put on the mannequin.  I decided to do a tubular cast on for the sweater I'm knitting for Cast On.  I still need to steam it out a bit in places (look at the skirt!)




The sweater is almost finished. I'm using Baah Sonoma in California Poppy.  This color reminds me of my mom.  She loved bright colors and she always had California Poppies in the yarn.  They are such a sweet flower.  The body is finished.  One side has a lower neckline and I designed it so you can wear that in the front or the back.  The sleeves will be picked up and the cap will be shaped by short rows.  They'll be 3/4 length.  I used a tubular bind off for the necklines.  This is the front (or back).  I think I like the lower neckline in the back myself.



Friday, February 10, 2017

Adding Stitches


All of the yarn for my Cast On projects has arrived.  I spent a lot of item getting the yarn to the other designers.  It can take multiple emails and lots of follow up emails.  I think one designer (in Canada) has not got her yarn yet but she should have it soon.

George and Petipa tolerated each other a few days ago to enjoy a rare spot of sun. 



STUDENT NEWS
I didn't get many lessons to review this week.  It has been fairly slow.  I did get several new students, however.  I'm thinking of changing my policy for non-US students.  Postage has got so expensive.  What Naima, my French student suggested was to hold of mailing the swatches back until the course was complete. We do add a bit onto the cost of the course for non-US but it doesn't really cover the postage costs.  I'll keep you posted.

TIP OF THE WEEK
This week's tip, again, is self serving.  The designs Binka and I are doing both require stitches to be cast on at the beginning and end of a row so I decided to do a video on how to do this.  The most common reason for this technique is adding stitches when a thumb gusset is complete.  I rarely add stitches for this as any method you use adds too much space.  I generally just work from one side of the opening to the other and then use the slack yarn between them on the next row to create loops for the stitches on the next round. 

When knitting flat this isn't an option; stitches have to be cast on at the end and beginning of the rows.  No matter what technique you use, the cast on edge is going to be either sloppy or a bit bulky.  The good news is that in the majority of projects, this cast on edge is either going to be seamed or used for stitch pick up so its appearance doesn't matter. 

E or Loop Method
This is the most common method.  I'm not going to discuss HOW to do this (the video shows how to do it) but rather the results.  Anyone who has ever used this method knows that you get a lot of slack yarn between the stitches as you work the first row no matter how tight the loops are (that just makes it harder to work that first row).  The photograph below shows this method.



The advantage of this method is that it is easy and it isn't bulky.  The disadvantage of this method is that loops can be very sloppy and oversized.  It won't provide much stability to the edge.  Notice how large the selvedge stitches are at the join.  Again, this edge is generally finished so it won't be noticeable. 

Knitted Cast On
Another method you can try is the knitted cast on.  It provided a bit more support to the edge but it is still fairly sloppy.  It is easier to work the first row with this method than the E cast on. 


Cable Knitted Cast On
This technique produces the best looking and most firm edge.  This is the method used for horizontal buttonholes for that reason. 


Here is the link to the video demonstrating these techniques:  Adding Stitches

KNITTING SALON
Salon will be on Saturday from 2:30 to 4:30 this week.  I realize that this will conflict with the game (if you are coming you know what game I am talking about) but I am driving to the airport on Sunday. 

CURRENT PROJECTS
While waiting for the Cast On yarn to arrive, I knit another texting glove.  I made a pair earlier but I decided I wanted the fingers to be as long as my fingers.  This way they won't get cold but I can push down the glove fingers if I want to type.  By the way, Maris, I do plan to write this up as a pattern once I finish up my Cast On patterns.




I'm doing a vest and skirt in Shibui Rain (the color is Pollen which seems a perfect choice for Spring).  I've finished the body, I just need to do the bands.  The stitches on the neckline will be picked up first and then a wide band with mitred corners for the front and bottom bands.  Stay tuned for the completed project.  Doesn't look like much now.  You can see in this side view that the back is longer than the front and the sides are vented.



Her is the front. 

I'm using Baah yarn for the next sweater I am doing and when I talked to Mira, the dyer, at TNNA I was wearing the Decoration Day sweater I designed years ago.  Mira said she'd love a stranded project and I told her if she sent me the yarn I'd work something up.  She sent two different types of yarns.  I'll work on this when I finish the stuff for Cast On.


Friday, January 27, 2017

Duplicate Stitch, Again...


I was in San Jose last week at TNNA.  Here's a photo of Anzula's booth.  You can see Celia trying to figure out what I am doing.  In the foreground you can see their new bulky yarn, Burly.  Celia joined me at the show.  We had a great time.  Getting home was a major thrash.  You wouldn't think that a flight leaving at 1pm would be a red eye but that is what it turned out to be.  Due to bad weather in Georgia, I didn't get home until 5am.



STUDENT NEWS
A couple of lessons were waiting for me when I got home but it didn't take me long to get caught up.  I spent most of the week ordering yarn for the next issue of Cast On.  It is a very time consuming process so I was glad I didn't receive a glut.

TIP OF THE WEEK
I reviewed several lessons which inspired this weeks topic.  I've said it before that when it comes to weaving in yarn tails using the duplicate stitch method, you either see it immediately or you really have to work at it.  As a reminder, the duplicate stitch method works very well for stockinette stitch as the yarn tail has the same elasticity as the surrounding stitches, it doesn't show through to the RS and it doesn't pull free.  Most other methods don't do this.  I've worked a swatch that has several different things I've seen in swatches lately.   #1 shows a technique I saw in a lesson.  The knitter was attempting the duplicate stitch but didn't quite get it.  #4 and #5 are something you see in quite a few references.  The tail is run diagonally through the stitches.  It is elastic but it does show through.  #2 shows duplicate stitch done correctly but rather than slightly split the stitches on the WS, the needle has gone under the stitches completely as you would for decorative duplicate stitch.  #3 is where the yarn is split.



And here is how the various techniques look on the RS.  If your yarn tail is the same color as the rest of the yarn, the bleed through isn't the end of the world but it does look tacky.  Notice that #2 doesn't look terrible but there is some bleed through.  You don't see any purple on #3.


For students that are having a tough time with this, I recommend working a swatch like the one below.



The one row in a different color can help you see the true path of the yarn on the WS as this photograph shows.  The video shows the technique in more detail.  There are also LOTS of blog entries on this topic.  Check the index.  Duplicate Stitch


KNITTING SALON
Salon will be on Sunday from 1:30-3:20.  The Spalding donuts were a hit last time.  This time I have all the goodies I picked up at TNNA.  I love that they are doing Cash and Carry now, not that I need more yarn!

CURRENT PROJECTS
I finished up a hat for the KAL.  I quite like it.  I still have yarn left so I might make another one while I am waiting for my Cast On yarn to come.  I also wound up knitting several hats for non-knitting friends.  I forgot to get photos, alas.


I'm almost finished with Jan's B-day present, VERY LATE.  She made a resolution this year to start wearing colored things.  This falls into that category!  I designed these socks eons ago.  I called them Leaves of Spring which could describe the color as well!



Friday, January 13, 2017

Double Needle Cast On

Things have been fairly quiet the past two weeks, the calm before the storm.  Today is the deadline for the Spring Cast On submissions so next week we will be making the selections.  Then I leave on Friday for TNNA.  I'm only staying until Sunday morning.

It has been awhile since I've posted any cat photos.  Here is one of George lounging on this sofa.


He was miffed to be disturbed.

STUDENT NEWS
My students are slowly getting back to their class knitting.  I've received several lessons this week. I really like our new ordering system.  It works much better than the way the management company did things.  Students get the first lesson immediately.

TIP OF THE WEEK
While I was on hiatus I got an email from someone wanting to know if there was a loose cast on for a lace project.  I didn't have time then to do a post so I'll do it now.  I was doing a lace sweater a few years ago and needed a loose cast on.  Most sources will tell you to use a larger needle for the cast on.  All this does is produce a sloppy first row.  What you want is more space between the stitches, not bigger stitches.  I found a solution in June Hemmons Hiatt's Principles of Knitting.   Knitters either love or hate this book.  It is very comprehensive but Hiatt does not use traditional terminology to describe techniques and her terminology can be very confusing.  Anyway, she has a technique cast on that produced exactly what I wanted.  She calls it the Double Needle Cast On and she includes in both editions.  The section in the new edition is much longer.  It took me quite a while to decipher her description but I finally got it. 

You need two needles of different sizes.  One should be the project needle and the other should be at least two sizes smaller.  There is NO WAY I will attempt to describe how to do this.  Watch the video. Double Needle Cast On It is basically a variant of the long tail cast on but you loop the yarn on the smaller needle as well.  Here is how it looks in progress.


The thing that really confused me in the first edition is that when you have both loops on the needle you twist the needles clockwise while holding the yarn tightly.  She doesn't explain why this is a necessary step.  In the second edition she does give an explanation.  It locks the cast on loops.  Here is what it looks like on the back.  (I have a photo later where this isn't done.)


Here is the final product.  It is a neat looking cast on.


This photo shows why you would want to use this.  I've stretched I.  Notice the extra space between the stitches.  This makes it perfect for a scalloped edge. I've used it for the base row for entrelac as well.


This photo shows what the cast on look likes if you don't do the clockwise twist.  The edge is REALLY large.  There still is a lot of space between the stitches as well.  In the second edition, Hiatt says is you do the twist on a regular long tail cast on, it gives you a bit of a picot edge.  Try it and see what you think!


KNITTING SALON
Salon will be on Sunday from 2-4pm.  I plan on making an early morning run to Spalding Donuts as incentive in this lousy weather.  If you are ever in Lexington, don't miss Spaldings.

CURRENT PROJECTS
Mary Beth, our Treasurer started a KAL on Ravelry--TKGA's KAL.  I'm doing Shed the Baggage.  I am pretty good at keeping my stash at controllable levels but I have a tendency to hang onto luxury yarns...saving them for something special.  I'm using the KAL to clean them out.  I had two skeins of Miss Bab's Sojourn I got at a show a billion years ago.  I needed a replacement Buff (my husband appropriated mine).  I figured this one will be safe from him.


I used the other skein to make one for my niece who is a equine vet for the start of foaling season (lots of nights spent in barns.)  I love the pattern the yarn made.


Then I dug into the bag of Richesse et Soi from Knit One Crochet Two.  When this yarn was discontinued I bought all that Patternworks had (mostly white).  I've used some of it over the years but I still have about 20 skeins.  I'm going to see how much I can use up.  Up first, texting gloves.


I'm going to continue using it up until I start on my Cast On stuff.